Renal failure is a disease that occurs when fluid, urea, creatinine, uric acid and other toxic substances accumulate in body secondary to untreatable dysfunction of kidneys and inability to excrete and detoxify toxic substances due to reasons whatsoever.Patients require treatments, such as dialysis and kidney transplant, due to hypertension secondary to fluid accumulation in body or complaints, including but not limited to nausea, abdominal pain, fatigue, weakness and loss of appetite – all caused by urea and other toxic substances- or due to medical conditions, such as cardiac arrest that is caused by high potassium level.

There is no chance of survival for patients with end-stage kidney disease, if they are left untreated.Those patients have two therapeutic options, namely dialysis and kidney transplantation.Those therapy alternatives should be discussed and selected jointly by physician, patient and the family.Dialysis is a treatment method that ensures survival of patient.However, no machine can fulfill all functions of a native organ.Therefore, kidney transplant has major superiorities regarding both survival and quality of life.Patient may survive without any dietary restrictions, including food and drink, and any other life style restriction.Work and social lives of patients are normalized.Thus, patients get the opportunity to spare time for them, which would be, otherwise, spent for dialysis.They live longer.It is necessary to emphasize that kidney transplant costs are far lower than that of dialysis.If possible, the best approach will be surgery after preparations are immediately completed, before a fistula is opened and the patient is started on dialysis.


Kidney transplant surgery involves placing an intact organ into body of a patient, who has end-stage kidney disease, in order to fulfill renal functions.Healthy organ is obtained from cadaver or living donor for kidney transplantation.In our country, living donor kidney transplants account for a substantial part of all kidney transplant surgeries.Living donor transplants have better outcomes than cadaver donor transplants.However, number of organ donations from cadavers should increase to ensure that organ transplantations can be a cure for more patients.

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